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What is network protocol - Types of network protocol


In the field of computer networking, different types of network protocols are used to carry on the wired the wireless networking smoothly. Basically network protocol is defined as the bundle of rules and regulations of computer networking which are require setting up the communicational process between different multiple computers present or attached with the network is called as the network protocol. Network protocol is an essential component of the computer networking because with out the protocols we can not carry the communicational functions over the network. Network protocols also play an important role the field of computer networking because they are able to provide the different types of paths to do the access to the network, also deals the topologies of the network and can also take part in enhancing the speed of data transmission during the communicational process.


 

Type of Network Protocols:


On the basis of the communicational work and their characteristic features network protocols are distributed into different types. But some important and the commonly used network protocols are as follows

Ethernet:
It is the first type of the networking protocol that is able to occupy the network widely. It is all characterized with the help of cables. In this type of networking protocol first the computer gets the messages from the cable then after listening it spread it on to the network and if the network send the busy message to the computer then this protocols wait and then resend the request after some time, this networking protocol is referred as Ethernet. The way of access of this networking protocol is the Carrier Sense Multiple Access. Ethernet protocol operates on the principles that can transmit data with high rate of 10 Mbps to 1000 and can transmit the data on all types of wireless, coaxial and many other technologies at the same speed.

 

Local Talk:
Another network protocol developed by the Apple for the sake of the development of the Macintosh computers. The main work of the local talk protocol is to establish the connection between the different computers and the serial port of the network. It operates on the same methods on which Ethernet operates. It is the good protocol for the networking but the major disadvantage of the protocol is its speed that is only 230 Kbps. Peer to peer networks are also setting up for the better working of this protocol.

 

FDDI:
        Another important protocol of the network is FDDI. It stands for Fiber Data Distributed Interface. This type of network protocol is used to connect to or more local area network or we can say that top connect the multiple networks. This type of network protocol operates on the fiber optics and provides the speed of 100Mbps for the users. Fiber data distributed technology use the token ring access method to access on to the network and use the physical topology of dual ring to carry on its functions properly.

 

ATM:
         A type of network protocols that is required for the transmission of data at a high speed of 155 Mbps and sometimes more then that. These protocols use the small data packets technology for transferring the data where as other type of network protocols need much length of packets for transmission. ATM stands for Asynchronous transfer Mode.

 

Benefits of Network Protocols:
                                                  There are lots of benefits of network protocol as they enable the technology to expand as much as it can. Some important benefits are; they provide the path to increase the network connections, enhance the speed of the connection, enhance the data transmission rate and provide easy working to the users.





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