How to Configure Computer Network

Configuring the network can be tricky. Before going any further in configuring the network, finding out which network types best suits the need of organization is the most important factor. Wrong guess can waste lot of time money and organization resources. Pay attention to find out needs and requirement and then choose if Peer 2 peer is better or client / server network type will do.




Lets’ learn how to configure Peer to Peer network type.

Peer to peer network Configuration:

is rather simple and can be done with minimum information about networking in general. In p2p same workgroup is used and we assign unique names to each of the computers involved in the network. Each computer is also required to assign with unique IP address and subnet mask for communication. These IP address can be from A, B and class C. If network administrator decides to use class A IP for four number of computers IP and subnet mask setting will be as follow:

Pc1: 192.168.0.1
Subnet mast: 255.255.255.0 (default)

Pc1: 192.168.0.2
Subnet mast: 255.255.255.0 (default)

Pc1: 192.168.0.3
Subnet mast: 255.255.255.0 (default)

Pc1: 192.168.0.4
Subnet mast: 255.255.255.0 (default)

 IP format is very common that is why I have mentioned it this way for better understanding, if you want to change to other numbers that will still work for example, 192.168.0. 1 to 200.0.1.0 will still work. Class A IP cannot exceed more then 223 value.P2p configuration can work very well in homes and in small sized organizations. If one of the computers is not working, other computers on network can maintain the network integrity by using peer to peer network type.

Client / Server network configuration



Client / Server type is more complex than p2p network type. In this type of network computer controls all the functions of rest of the computers, this computer is known as Server or dedicated server in some cases. All computers (clients) are connected to server using hub or switches with help of LAN cards and cable. Clients access dedicated server at the same time for retrieving files, documents, database, images, spreadsheets  and hardware like printers, scanners etc. In client server methodology server is the only controller which centralized every thing on the network, if server fails entire network will fail and only clients’ local drive will be accessible using administrator user/pass for that computer.

First and most important step is to configure Server, for that we will choose OS for server. We can install windows 2000 or windows 2003 server. I would recommend 2003 server as it is by far best NT window based operating system. After installing OS first step would be to create domain. We can make domain with the help of RUN ”DCPROMO.exe” command. Once you run this command you will be asked for unique domain name. This domain name will be used in all client computers to include them client of the server. Before running this command make sure that you have all the hardware plugged in properly because after completing domain name, this command will install active directory onto the server and step by step wizard will guide you through the rest of the process. Server should be restart when Active directory is installed, thereafter network users can be defined on the server.

After server installation and configuration, clients are required to be configured. Installed Windows XP professional addition on each client and perform the following steps to make them part of network.

  1. Assign unique name of each client computer.
  2. Assign unique IP for each client computer.
  3. Use the same domain name which was configured in server for all client computers.

Network administrator is required to perform entire configuration of the network.Shared resources on server or client computer accessible from My network places in windows 2000/ xp. Shared folder can also be access by running path command of run for example “\\computername\foldername”. Using IP of the desired client can also be used to access shared folders.